香品的鉴别与选择_沉香堂

  香气从口鼻入,通于肺腑气血,对身心两方面都有很直接的影响。所以,好香既要芳香宜人,还须不危害健康,且能调养身心,这应是鉴别香品的基本原则。可以说,其芳香是形式的,“ 文” 的方面;其养生是内容的,“ 质” 的方面。以养生养心为基础,达到芳香宜人,才是文质相成,真正的美轮美奂。
导读:香品的鉴别与选择 是本站 (中国香文化资讯门户网站) 中一篇关于 中国香道,中国香文化,线香,合香,盘香 的文章,欢迎您阅读和评论,领略线香盘香,分享熏香焚香,赏析檀香沉香,交流香道人道。传载中华千年香文化,静享高雅精致心生活。

  香气从口鼻入,通于肺腑气血,对身心两方面都有很直接的影响。所以,好香既要芳香宜人,还须不危害健康,且能调养身心,这应是鉴别香品的基本原则。可以说,其芳香是形式的,的方面;其养生是内容的,的方面。以养生养心为基础,达到芳香宜人,才是文质相成,真正的美轮美奂。

  对于香品的鉴别,由于种类繁多,不便一概而论,但应注意以下几个方面:

  一:原料、配方、工艺

  天然香料(包括天然香料的萃取物)的养生价值远高于合成香料。合成香料系化学制品,其原料取自煤化工原料、石油化工原料等含有碳、氢、氧等元素的化学材料,虽然气味芳香,但作为化学制剂,对健康都存在不同程度的危害,熏烧类的香品尤其明显。

  而天然香料正好相反,几乎都是药用植物,不仅有香气,还含有十分丰富的营养成分。

  好香就象良药,既要有好的材料,还要有好的配方。单一香料药性常有偏颇,所以若原料品级相同,其功效常不及多种香料配成的合香。而在两种合香之间,品质的高下则取决于香方的水准。

  (参见:合成香料与天然香料、中国传统香。)

  二:香气特征

  对于普通的用香者来说,很难从外观上判断出香品的质量,所以品味香气是最直接也是较为可靠的鉴别方法。不过,这也对鉴赏者的水平有较高的要求。有些人可能长期使用品质较差的香而不觉察,不知不觉中形成了一些不好的用香习惯和评价标准;对于新接触的香品,即使有经验的用香者也未必能有正确的判断。但凡事都有一个学习的过程,只要注意多积累经验,多用心,培养出较好的判断力也不是件难事。

  由于不同的香品其风格各异,没有划一的鉴别方法,但品质较好的香其香气一般都具有以下特点:

  香气清新,爽神,久用也不会有头晕的感觉;

  醒脑提神,有愉悦之感,但并不使人心浮气躁;

  香味醇和,浓淡适中,深呼吸也不觉得冲鼻;

  香味即使浓郁,也不会感觉气腻,即使恬淡,其香也清晰可辨;

  没有人造香味的痕迹,香气即使较为明显,也能体会到一种自然品质;

  使人身心放松,心绪沉静幽美;

  有滋养身心之感,使人愿意亲之近之;

  气息醇厚,耐品味,多用也无厌倦之感;

  留香较为持久;

  天然香料作的香,常能感觉到在芳香之中透出一些轻微的涩味和药材味;

  较好的熏烧类的香品,其烟气浅淡,为青白色,或微烟、无烟。

  以上只是普通优质香的特点,至于上乘的极品合香,其美妙神奇则远远超出常人的经验,没有切身的体会难以想象。古人所云好香如妙药灵丹,可助人化病疗疾,开窍通关,悟妙成真,皆非虚言。要制出这样的好香,不仅要有上乘的香材,妙验的香方,还须有极高明的制香家,现在一般的市面上已很难见到了。

  三:香品的外观

  对普通人而言,基本上无法从香品的外观判断其品质。

  香的原料在制作过程中都要经过细致的粉碎、搅拌处理,在成品中丝毫看不出材质的特点;利用劣质的染色剂可以调出漂亮的颜色(而天然香料做的香,颜色其实大多偏灰);利用特殊的化学添加剂可以轻易使香品表面变得光滑洁净;利用低档的化学香精就可以芳香怡人;在包装上更容易貌似优质与高档。即使对于原态香材,也仅仅是稍好一点,不至于完全看不出优劣,但也有很多办法来掩盖和修改。

  所以,香品外观所能提供的信息非常有限,质优香可能外观平平,质劣香可能外观华美。所以,应注意别被香品的外观所误导,基本上还是要靠香气来鉴别。

  对于线香和盘香,还可以掂量其重量,虽然不是越重越好,但一般而言,很轻的香质量都较差,大多是使用了草木灰之类的原料。但不要看其体积,许多很粗很长的香,其实材料很疏松。

  四:品牌、厂商

  相对而言,拥有自己品牌的正规的生产厂商有更明确的理念,重视长远发展,注重产品信誉,有较高的可信度。但目前看来,国内大多数生产线香和盘香的厂商所采用的都是现代化学工艺,主要使用化学合成香料(即化学香精),即便是规模较大的公司,其产品质量也是良莠不齐。最可靠的办法还是品味香气、试用之后再做选择。

全程台灣生產,100%純天然材料,不含任何化學香精 【Fushankodo  富山香堂http://fushankodo.taobao.com 支持貨到付款

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